Written by Ben Russell
This is a philosophical problem that has stumped philosophers for generations. It’s basically how everything in the universe has a connection and relation with one or many things. For examples, there are many turtles in the world but there is only one concept of turtle. There are many water molecules but only one concept of water. In these two examples the turtles and water molecules would be called the “many.” Turtle and water would be called the “one.” Since “many” refers to all characteristics of matter that exists while “one” refers to the specific vitality of whatever concept that exists or is addressed.
Another way of expressing this is that each individual part (diversity) that may make up a vitality (unity). We know that all of creation and all that exists is made of these two abstractions. A man is made up of many organs but is still one human. A star is made up of many gases, but is still one star. In these two examples the organs and gases would be the “many” (diversity) while the human and star are the “one” (unity).
These applications apply to all things in the universe. Is the universe and cosmos mostly designed out of diversity or unity? Only the trinity of Christianity can make sense of this problem. The Bible confirms that God is three distinct persons (diversity) in one being (unity). There are many scriptures that confirm the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all God. They are not three gods, but one God.
Scriptures that confirm the Father is God: Matthew 6:8; John 4:23, 6:27; Romans 1:7; 1 Peter 1:2.
Scriptures that confirm the Son is God: Isaiah 9:6; John 1:1, 8:58; Romans 9:5; Colossians 2:9
Scriptures that confirm the Holy Spirit is God: Acts 5:3-4, 13:2; 1 Corinthians 3:16, 12:11; Galatians 4:6
There are plenty of scriptures to support this doctrine, but this explains why we have diversity and unity in the universe. The Father, Son, and Spirit are equal in knowledge, power, and character. The issue of the “one” and “many” depends also on the immaterial, absolute, and universal laws of logic (law of non contradiction and law of identity) which extend from God’s nature (Titus 1:2; 2 Timothy 2:13; John 1:3; Exodus 3:14).
Modern Jews, Muslims, and Jehovah Witness’s will declare God is an absolute one and singularity in being, however God did not create out of necessity or importance, but rather, God created from freedom and desire. He is active in His creation and his love. He desires relationship with the creation and the contrary brings absurdity of uniformity and reasoning in general. Diversity is just as equally foundational as the unity. They must depend on each other equally and only the trinity makes sense of these applications. For He is above all things and all things hold together (Colossians 1:17). His character is reflected in existence. Love, logic, science, morality, and all atoms cannot make sense without the trinity and God holding things together.
Mike Robinson has written an article on this issue in more detail here.