Jason thank you so much for all of your work. You bless me big time especially with your videos and written debates with atheists. My question is in regard to the canon, how would a clarkian know that say 2 Peter was in fact written by Peter and inspired? Or that we are not missing a book. Thank you God bless!
Thanks for writing, Jesiah. Your question can be summarized as follows: ‘How do Clarkians know that 2 Peter is written by Peter?’ The answer is that the author of 2 Peter is identified as the Apostle Peter in 2 Peter 1. Since scripture is our axiom, the propositions of scripture are held as true, this includes 2 Peter 1:1-2.
There is, however, evidence external to the Bible that the Apostle Peter wrote 2 Peter. But as anyone who is a Clarkian understands, no amount of evidence can prove a proposition to be true, whether it be ‘Peter wrote 2 Peter’ or ‘Peter did not write 2 Peter.’ One could argue that we have ‘good reasons’ to believe that the apostle Peter wrote 2 Peter, but having ‘good reasons’ will not allow us to know that the apostle Peter wrote 2 Peter.
When we ask questions, it is important that we distinguish between ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion.’ Opinion is a belief that is based on probability (somewhere between 0 and 99 percent), whereas ‘knowledge’ is arrived at deductively. One may easily mistake my point concerning probability for the notion that we must be ‘certain’ of a proposition in order to know it, but what I speak about is not certainty, but ‘logical consequence.’ ‘Logical consequence’ refers to the notion that a proposition must be true given a postulate such as an axiom.
Based on what I have written, the conclusion that I am leading you to is as follows: If the Bible alone is the Word of God, then 2 Peter must be written by the apostle Peter because 2 Peter 1:1-2 is clearly an attestation of the authorship of the apostle Peter. This is how we know that that Peter wrote 2 Peter.
Bearing what has already been said above in mind, your second question is answered in a similiar fashion. Let us summarize the question: “‘How do we know that we aren’t missing a book in the Bible?’ There are multiple verses that attest to the preservation of God’s Word, they are as follows: Isaiah 40:8, Matthew 24:35, Mark 13:31, and Luke 21:33. From these verses, we can know that God has preserved the Bible and that the propositions of scripture have been preserved.
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