Written by Ben Russell
Humans, apes, and other forms of life contain chromosomes. Chromosomes are structures that carry genes from the lifeform’s parents. Humans contain forty six chromosomes in their DNA while the other apes contain 48 chromosomes. Twenty-three come from the mother and father each. Other apes received twenty four from both parents. Evolutionist believe two extra chromosomes are missing from humans simply because they were fused or brought together.
DNA is known to contain centromeres that separate DNA links in mitosis. Mitosis is when cells divide containing two daughter cells that have the same amount of chromosomes as the original cell. At the end of the DNA contains sequences telemeres. If two chromosomes were fused together, there would be sequences that don’t belong. It would be in the center of a chromosome and contain two centromeres. One may be inactive but is still present.
The presupposition is that out our second chromosome was fused with two chromosomes of another ape-based ancestor, and that proves humans evolved from an ape-like creature, hence, the biblical account of creation wrong (Genesis 1:24-26).
The argument itself is fallacious. This is based on a formal logical fallacy called affirming the consequent. This generally applies in a hypothetical syllogism. A basic syllogism is an argument of two premises or propositions and forms a conclusion. In this case, a hypothetical syllogism is assuming if a proposition is true, then another event will follow, and if it follows, the assuming proposition is true. The hypothetical proposition is called the antecedent and the concluding or following proposition is called the consequent within informal logic.
This is how this argument follows:
If humans and apes are related, we should find similarities in DNA (If a then b)
We do find similarities in DNA (b)
Therefore, humans and apes are related (a)
This does not logically follow and is invalid. Although the second premise or consequent is true, there could be a second explanation why there are similarities in DNA in animals. This goes back to the problem of our worldviews and presuppositions. In the Christian worldview, we do expect to find similarities in DNA of animals since God created life according to Genesis. Christians expect this just as much as an evolutionist would.
The problem doesn’t stand between the facts themselves, but how they are understood. So the question is, which worldview can best make sense of knowledge (justified, true belief) which is necessary for everything? God is the ontological precondition for everything. Laws of Logic extends from His nature (Titus 2:1; Exodus 3:14). The uniformity of nature is necessary for science and research that extends from God’s omnipotent power (Genesis 8:22). The evolution worldview fails to justify laws of logic without assuming vicious circularity that the future will reflect the past while the Christian stands on the unchanging triune God for their epistemology and justification for knowledge which is a virtuous circularity instead (Hebrews 6:13).
After understanding the nature of worldviews and presuppositions the facts used to demonstrate truth value in evolution or naturalistic worldviews you can realize that facts themselves are just as valuable and understood in the Christian worldview, regardless of DNA, fossils, or other fields of study. As stated previously, the epistemology of people is the real issue and only Christianity supplies the foundation for a valid and sound justification for knowledge, and everything else.