Written by Ben Russell
Consequentialism is a worldview that is strictly about morality; It also involves being careful about actions in life. The problem with this worldview is the fact all people believe, feel, and think differently. This is a problem that is shared with all material and naturalistic worldviews.
In this worldview, many would argue only on the concept of what is actually moral and what human life is worth. Are human beings not as important as an animal or plant; perhaps they could also attempt to argue that human beings are more valuable than plants or animals. Regardless of their answer, they will open up a new set of problems. According to what standard would humans be more or less important? And why should the care of life be necessary?
Also, what one person may call a good action another person may call an evil action. What may be considered good for another may be evil for somebody else.
If both people, or even everybody, agreed a specific action was good such as abortion or specific drugs were legal then the next problem would be a foundation for their reasoning. They would have no bases for justifying their reason is valid without a vicious circularity.If they know that some other people may have invalid reasoning, then how would they know that they aren’t one of those people? If they say other people confirm their reasoning is valid, then they must still rely on their reasoning in order to recognize the confirmation of other people’s reasoning.
Also, the lack of a justification for the uniformity of nature. If it is assumed that they have a justification for what good morals actually are, how could they know they will be good in the future? Perhaps there could be a new majority, or everyone died off except for people who have a worldview similar to Ted Bundy or Hitler. This would entail a change of what is considered moral by society.
Some may argue that morals and the consequences are common sense. In the Christian worldview it is common sense. We are made in God’s moral image (Genesis 1:27) which is why we have a standard of goodness, but if we are just animals it’s arbitrary. The benefit for society is just as absurd as the destruction for society without a justified epistemology.
The problem of subjectivity in law, culture, and the other things we take for granted in life clearly affirms the absurdity in this thinking; it blows itself up.
Yes, we need to care about our actions and consequences of this life, however, because as Christians we are to use the gift of reasoning that God gave us (Isaiah 1:18). Remember to give the gospel and expose their need for a savior for their sins.